# RabbitFarm

### 2022-07-03

#### Abundant Composition

The examples used here are from the weekly challenge problem statement and demonstrate the working solution.

## Part 1

Write a script to generate the first twenty Abundant Odd Numbers.

### Solution

``````
use strict;
use warnings;
sub proper_divisors{
my(\$n) = @_;
my @divisors;
for my \$x (1 .. \$n / 2){
push @divisors, \$x if \$n % \$x == 0;
}
return @divisors;
}

sub n_abundant_odd{
my(\$n) = @_;
my \$x = 0;
my @odd_abundants;
{
push @odd_abundants, \$x if \$x % 2 == 1 && unpack("%32I*", pack("I*", proper_divisors(\$x))) > \$x;
\$x++;
redo if @odd_abundants < \$n;
}
return @odd_abundants;
}

MAIN:{
print join(", ", n_abundant_odd(20)) . "\n";
}
``````

### Sample Run

``````
\$ perl perl/ch-1.pl
945, 1575, 2205, 2835, 3465, 4095, 4725, 5355, 5775, 5985, 6435, 6615, 6825, 7245, 7425, 7875, 8085, 8415, 8505, 8925
``````

### Notes

The solution here incorporated a lot of elements from previous weekly challenges. That is to say it is quite familiar, I continue to be a fan of `redo` as well as the `pack/unpack` method of summing the elements of an array.

## Part 2

Create sub compose(\$f, \$g) which takes in two parameters \$f and \$g as subroutine refs and returns subroutine ref i.e. compose(\$f, \$g)->(\$x) = \$f->(\$g->(\$x)).

### Solution

``````
use strict;
use warnings;
sub f{
my(\$x) = @_;
return \$x + \$x;
}

sub g{
my(\$x) = @_;
return \$x * \$x;
}

sub compose{
my(\$f, \$g) = @_;
return sub{
my(\$x) = @_;
return \$f->(\$g->(\$x));
};
}

MAIN:{
my \$h = compose(\&f, \&g);
print \$h->(7) . "\n";
}
``````

### Sample Run

``````
\$ perl perl/ch-2.pl
98
``````

### Notes

This problem incorporates some interesting concepts, especially from functional programming. Treating functions in a first class way, that is, passing them as parameters, manipulating them, dynamically generating new ones are commonly performed in functional programming languages such as Lisp and ML. Here we can see that Perl can quite easily do these things as well!

## References

Challenge 171

posted at: 12:39 by: Adam Russell | path: /perl | permanent link to this entry